Articles like this need to be careful.
Suggesting that neck and shoulder strengthening can be useful in work-related neck is fair enough. Reinforcing an area against a sustained, daily load fits perfectly.
But to suggest that our positions and postures may not count (even in the slightest of ways) has to potential to lead us down the wrong path.
Anything that drives people away from the basics of good posture and positioning needs pretty strong clarification.
There may be no agreed upon research to suggest posture counts in treating neck pain, but clinically the results are impossible to argue with.
Putting your neck into a bad position over and over again, day after day for long periods of time won’t predict neck pain (it can’t as nothing is guaranteed), but in a real-time clinical setting hindsight is perfectly clear.
Your mechanical neck pain will almost always line up with the EXACT area you hinge through if looking down, up etc. or the area that refers to your pain.
We can see this clearly once we understand where your pain is coming from.
Scans aren’t reliable, research isn’t (always) reliable but your daily habits and positions are. They’re just very hard to get a sense of unless they are specifically pointed out and related back to your original pain and dysfunction.
Clinically we find that your posture and positioning counts, it’s just up to the unbiased, quality research to catch up.